Peter Ramuss Attack on Cicero: Text and Translation of Ramuss Brutinae Quaestiones Petrus Ramus

ISBN: 9781880393000

Published: November 1st 1995

Hardcover

250 pages


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Peter Ramuss Attack on Cicero: Text and Translation of Ramuss Brutinae Quaestiones  by  Petrus Ramus

Peter Ramuss Attack on Cicero: Text and Translation of Ramuss Brutinae Quaestiones by Petrus Ramus
November 1st 1995 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 250 pages | ISBN: 9781880393000 | 3.66 Mb

Cicero had written seven books on rhetoric, but Ramus chose Orator for the attack which had been inevitable since his original denunciation of Ciceros rhetoric in 1543. There are probably two reasons for this. The first is that he was thus able toMoreCicero had written seven books on rhetoric, but Ramus chose Orator for the attack which had been inevitable since his original denunciation of Ciceros rhetoric in 1543. There are probably two reasons for this. The first is that he was thus able to enter into the widespread controversy over Ciceronianism. More importantly, this choice enabled him to concentrate on the one Ciceronian work closest to his own personal view of rhetoric.

For Ramus, rhetoric was a matter only of the exterior elements of style and delivery and Orator concentrates on style. It is set in the form of a letter to Ciceros friend Marcus Junius Brutus responding to Brutuss reaction to Ciceros earlier history of Roman oratory -- titled Brutus after its dedicatee. None of Ciceros other six works on rhetoric would have provided Ramus the same opportunity to fasten on questions of style the way he does in the Questions of Brutus.Ramus accuses Cicero of trying to prove that he is the perfect orator about which Orator is written.

He also accuses him of being merely an unthinking follower of Aristotle. The basic assault, however, is syllogistic. Ramus reduces Ciceros ideas to syllogistic form to demonstrate their error and inconsistency. Throughout, Ramus continues to claim that Cicero does not know the true province of rhetoric. Moreover, he argues that what is found muddled and confused in unfathomable darkness in this one book is also true of all of Ciceros other books.

Thus, The Questions of Brutus becomes a wide-ranging polemic like his attack on Aristotle. There are numerous rhetorical questions, apostrophes, exclamations, syllogistic analyses, and a great many digressions.Basically Ramus follows the order of Ciceros Orator, though there are occasional backward-forward references as well.

Ramus does not, however, use the quotation-plus-interpretation method employed in the commentaries on his orations. Instead he takes up concepts rather than quotations, usually using specific citations only when he wishes to attack Ciceros language on some point. Therefore, this book is self-contained: Ramus states Ciceros position, then his own.



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